Magirus-Deutz-Str. 12, D-89077 Ulm, Germany
GENERAL CONDITIONS OF EXPORT
1. Sphere of Application
Principally these General Conditions of Export (hereinafter referred to as „GCE“) apply to all deliveries, services and offers of Phocos AG, Magirus-Deutz-Straße 12, 89077 Ulm, Germany (hereinafter referred to as “Seller”), provided that they have not been modified or excluded expressly and in writing. All deviating conditions are rejected and shall not form part of any contract, even if the Seller does not declare his rejection expressly and in writing.
2. Conclusion of the Contract, Prices, Packing and Packing Costs, Dispatchment, Transport Insurance
2.1 Any offers of the Seller are without obligation. If the Seller has fixed a time for acceptance in its written and firm offer, the contract shall be deemed to be concluded, when the Buyer before expiration of such period has dispatched a written acceptance, as long as such acceptance reaches the Seller at least within 3 days after the fixed expiration date. The contractual content is defined by the technical specification of the Seller.
2.2 All prices are for delivery Ex Works of the Seller (EXW Incoterms 2010 – refer to 3.1), German Value Added Tax excluded. Buyers from inside the European Union have to indicate their VAT-Ident.-No. at the formation of the contract.
2.3 The goods are dispatched on charge and at the risk of the Buyer.
2.4 Delivered devices and auxiliary means have to be assembled by the Buyer.
3. Delivery, Passing of Risk, Declaration
3.1 Unless otherwise agreed, all deliveries will be effected exclusively Ex Works of the Seller in Germany (EXW Incoterms 2010). Delivery is effected from such works of the Seller as determined in his order confirmation (either from Germany, Australia, India or Switzerland). Any agreed deviating trade terms shall be interpreted according to the Incoterms of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris.
3.2 Partial deliveries are permitted.
4. Time for Delivery, Delay, Cancellation of the Contract
4.1 Any dates of delivery are without obligation and only binding if agreed expressly and in writing. The period of time for delivery begins to run with dispatchment of the sales confirmation, but neither prior to the production of all documents, licences, permits and further formalities which are required of the Buyer, nor before receipt of the agreed advance payments.
4.2 If the Seller is responsible for delay of delivery, the Buyer, after 3 weeks of delay – excluding other claims – is entitled to liquidated damages – if he substantiates that he has incurred damages – for each further full week of delay, payable at a rate of 0,5 % – but not exceeding 5 % in total – calculated on the value of that part of delivery which, as a consequence of the delay, cannot be used as intended. No. 8.2 applies accordingly.
4.3 If the maximum liquidated damages according to no. 4.2 are reached, the Buyer – after he has fixed an additional reasonable period combined with the announcement that acceptance of delivery will be refused – may notify the Seller in writing of the termination of the contract in respect of that part of the goods which are delayed, except where the Seller delivers prior to termination.
4.4 If the Buyer is in delay with an essential contractual obligation, the Seller is entitled to extend the period of time for delivery according to the period of delay. No. 5 applies analogously.
5. Acceptance of Delivery
The Buyer bears all costs of storage, insurance, protection measures etc., arising from any delayed acceptance. Without further proof the Buyer must pay per week of delay liquidated damages of at least 0,5 % of the order value, but not exceeding 5 % in total.
The Seller may demand, by notice in writing, the Buyer to accept delivery within an additional period of time if the Buyer has not accepted delivery at the fixed time of delivery. Nevertheless, this does not affect the Seller’s claim to the purchase price.
After expiration of the additional period the Seller is entitled to terminate the contract in whole or partly by notice in writing and claim damages including claims for loss of profit.
6.1 Unless otherwise agreed, all payments must be made by advance payment. If the contractual partners agree on a documentary letter of credit the “Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits” of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris (UCP 600) are applicable. Unless determined otherwise in the Seller’s order confirmation all payments shall be effected in EURO without regard to any deviations of the currency exchange rate and without any reduction or discount “free pay office” of the Seller.
6.2 In case of late payment, the Seller is entitled to interest from the date on which payment was due. The rate of interest shall be 8 percentage points above the prime bank rate of the European Central Bank. The Seller in so far may suspend performance of the contract. If the Buyer has not paid the agreed amount within a reasonable additional period not to exceed 1 month after the payment was due, the Seller shall be entitled to terminate the contract by notice in writing and claim compensation for any loss including claims for loss of profit it has incurred.
6.3 (Creditworthiness, delay in payment) If any particular circumstances create considerable doubts regarding the Buyer’s creditworthiness, all claims resulting from the whole business relationship shall become due immediately. The Seller also then is entitled to demand delivery against advance payment. Sentence 1 applies accordingly regarding Buyer’s delay in payment for another contract with the Seller. If payment in instalments is agreed and the Buyer delays more than 10 % of the owed purchase price, the entire purchase price shall become due immediately.
6.4 The Seller is entitled to demand advance payment of the purchase price regarding customer specific products or variations of those, payable prior to start of production at the latest.
7. Liability for Conformity of the Goods
7.1 (Duty of examination and notification) After acceptance, the Buyer must examine the goods without delay. Therefore he must observe the recognised industrial standards. In any case, the Buyer loses the right to rely on a lack of conformity of the goods if it does not give notice to the Seller, exactly specifying the nature of the lack of conformity, as soon as he has discovered it or ought to have discovered it. After arrangement with the Seller the Buyer is responsible for the securing of all proofs.
7.2 (Handling and storage) The proof of careful treatment and adequate and dry storage of the goods devolves on the Buyer.
7.3 (Remedy of defects, substitutional delivery) If the goods do not conform to the contract, the Seller may remedy the lack of conformity at first and at its own discretion within four weeks after the Buyer’s request and, even if the defects are substantial, by repair or substitutional delivery. Any repairs must be effected at the place of business of the receiver agreed in the contract. If such receiver’s place differs from the Buyer’s place of business, this must be disclosed to the Seller. Otherwise the latter shall not bear any thus increased costs. The Buyer – on reasonable demand and according to the directions of the Seller – is obliged to participate in any repair works against reimbursement of his expenses.
7.4 (Pro rata reduction, termination of the contract) If the Seller fails to remedy the lack of conformity according to no. 7.3 by repair or replacement, the Buyer is entitled to a reasonable pro rata reduction of the purchase price. If the lack of conformity is fundamental, the Buyer may fix a final period for fulfilment and after fruitless expiration of such final period demand termination of the contract.
7.5 The Seller is liable for indirect losses only according to the stipulations of no.8.2.
7.6 (Deviations customary in trade, changes in construction) Deviations, which are customary in trade, regarding quantities, measures, quality, weights etc. are permitted. Equivalent changes in construction are reserved. Regarding customer specific items and goods furnished with particular advertising deviations in the delivery volume of up to 10 % more or less are reserved.
7.7 (Observation of Seller’s instructions) Instructions of the Seller about the further treatment or application of the goods must be observed by the Buyer, otherwise claims based on defects are not acknowleged.
8. Liability for subsidiary Duties, General Limitation of Liability
8.1 The Seller is only liable for the contractual or pre-contractual subsidiary duties according to the provisions of nos. 4, 8.2 and no. 12.
8.2 Save as stipulated in nos. 4.2, 4.3 and 7.1 through 7.4, 8, 11 and 12 the Seller shall – without regard to the legal reasons – not be liable for any lack of conformity and damages. This applies to any damages caused by the defect or rights of third parties, including losses of production, profit or other indirect losses, whatsoever, (losses and damages not incurred in the delivered goods themselves). In case of responsibility for a fundamental breach of contract the Seller is liable, also in case of gross negligence, but only for typical contractual losses which could have been reasonably foreseen. The Seller in any case is liable, however, for gross negligence, for particularly rendered guarantees, fraud, culpable caused damages to life, body or health or if there is liability regarding physical injuries or damages to private items under German or foreign product liability laws.
9. Seller´s Operating Instructions, Function Tests, Repairs
9.1 The Buyer is only entitled to use the delivered products in strict compliance with the Seller´s operating instructions.
9.2 The delivered products have to be function tested regularly from time to time. Only by continuous function tests a safe and lasting function can be surveyed and guaranteed.
9.3 Therefore repairs may exclusively be carried out by the Seller. In case of unauthorized repairs there is a risk of malfunction. The Seller shall not assume any responsibility therefore.
10. Tools, Plans, Sales materials, Software, Secrecy
10.1 All rights regarding Seller’s tools, drawings, drafts and plans, especially patent, copy and invention rights shall remain property of the Seller. All sales materials such as catalogues, samples and sample books, price lists etc. which are placed at the Buyer’s disposal, remain property of the Seller and shall be returned to the Seller on demand.
10.2 Any documents pertaining to an offer, such as pictures, drawings, weights, measures, capacities or data on further qualities and other information about the contractual products and services, are only binding approximately. All proprietary and copyrights regarding information of the Seller – also in electronic form – remain with the latter.
10.3 Any software supplied by the Seller shall remain property of the latter. Without prior written consent of the Seller it may not be made available to third parties, copied or duplicated in any other way. The Buyer shall have a non-exclusive and non-transferable licence to make use of the software in its works the goods were supplied to.
10.4 The contractual parties agree to keep secret all commercial and technical details of their mutual business – if they have been marked as secret or if the interest in confidentiality arises from the circumstances. This also applies to the items mentioned in no. 10.1 until 10.3, which also shall not be disclosed or made available to any third party.
10.5 The contractual parties shall also ensure that their subcontractors will be under the same confidentiality obligation as set out in no. 10.4.
11. Non-Performance, Impossibility, Inability
As far as the Seller is unable to deliver in whole or partially, the Buyer may terminate the contract by notice in writing to the Seller in respect of that part which is not delivered, save where acceptance of partial performance should be an unreasonable demand. Nos. 8.2 and 12 apply accordingly.
12. Act of God
12.1 Each party shall not be liable for non-performance, if performance is prevented by circumstances beyond the party’s control or especially by one of the following circumstances: fire, natural disasters, war, seizure, requisition, prohibition of export, embargo or other authority measures, general shortage of materials, restrictions in the use of power, industrial disputes or if a breach of contract of subcontractors is caused by any such circumstances.
12.2 Each party may, by notice in writing, terminate the contract if performance is being prevented for more than 6 months according to no. 12.1.
13. Term of Limitation
All claims of the Buyer based on a lack of conformity with the contract shall be time limited and statute barred within 12 months from passing of risk (no. 3). The Seller´s liability is limited to any lack of conformity, which appears within this period. This does not affect the lawful time limitation of claims, which are under unlimited liability according to no. 8.2 and which are based on installation of the delivered products into buildings.
14. Retention of Title and Ownership
14.1 All delivered goods remain property of the Seller until all his purchase price claims resulting from the underlying contractual relationship are fully paid for. If the validity of the retention of ownership is subject to special conditions or regulations in the country of destination, the Buyer is responsible for the observation and compliance with those conditions or regulations. He shall inform the Seller thereof. Any bills of exchange or cheques are only deemed to be fulfilment with receipt of the entire payment.
14.2 The Buyer shall assist the Seller in taking any measures necessary to protect the Seller’s ownership and title to the product in the country concerned. The Buyer shall inform the Seller if any dangers regarding the property of the Seller should occur. This applies especially to disposals of third parties or authority measures.
14.3 The Seller – after a reminder – is entitled to cancel the contract and to take back any goods delivered under retention of title after fruitless expiration of a reasonable additional period noticed to the Buyer and to annul the contract, if the Buyer does not fulfil his contractual obligations, especially if payment is delayed. The Seller is not obliged to fix an additional period if there are legal exceptions.
14.4 The Buyer shall insure the delivered goods at his costs against theft, fire, water damages and other risks for the time until full payment is effected.
14.5 If the value of all securities exceeds the value of all secured claims by more than 10 % the Seller shall, upon request, give up securities at his discretion.
15.1 All rights and duties of either party are not assignable, except assignments of purchase price claims to banks of the Seller.
15.2 Modifications, amendments or further subsidiary agreements to this GCE are required in written form.
15.3 Any contract concluded under this GCE shall remain valid although single conditions should be or become invalid.
15.4 The Buyer only is entitled to offset claims or to suspend contractual performance regarding claims which have not been denied by the Seller or which have been awarded by the courts.
15.5 (Trade marks, trade names, marketing, industrial property of the Seller) Only with the prior written consent and only in the interest of the Seller the Buyer is allowed to make use of or to have registered any trademarks, tradenames or other signs of the Seller.
15.6 (Industrial property of third parties) The Buyer is responsible that industrial property rights of third parties are not infringed due to its directions regarding forms, measures, colours, weights etc. The Buyer shall indemnify the Seller, including all costs and expenses occuring before and outside the courts and assist the Seller on its demand in any litigation against claims of third parties based on infringement of the aforesaid industrial property rights.
16. Compliance with Law
The Seller is responsible for the compliance with the relevant German regulations, which are decisive unless otherwise agreed and as far as products made in Germany are exported. The observation and implementation of the relevant foreign trade law (e.g. import or foreign exchange licences etc.) and further laws outside Germany is the Buyer´s obligation.
17. Place of Performance, Dispute Resolution, Applicable Law
17.1 Unless otherwise agreed general place of fulfilment is the Seller’s head office in D-89077 Ulm, Germany.
17.2 All disputes arising out of or in connection with contracts under these GCE shall be finally settled at the place of the Seller’s head-office, without recourse to the courts, in accordance with the Rules of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce, Paris, by one or more arbitrators designated in conformity with the said Rules. The losing Party, as determined by the arbitrators, shall pay all reasonable expenses incurred to the prevailing Party in connection with any such dispute. Place of arbitration shall be D-89077 Ulm, Germany.
17.3 Instead the arbitration court provided for in No. 17.2 the competent state courts in D-89077 Ulm, Germany, shall make final and binding decisions, regarding disputes with Buyers from the European Union or from Iceland, Norway or Switzerland.
17.4 The Seller in any case is also entitled to invoke the state courts at the place of business of the Buyer.
17.5 All contracts concluded under this GCE shall be subject to the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) from 11.04.1980.Subsidiary substantive and procedural law shall be that in force at the Seller´s place of business in Germany.